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Story Writing Checklist

Welcome, legend! All stories are reviewed by our (extremely friendly) mentors. You probably got an email asking you to review your story according to one or more numbers on this page. Please incorporate your edits, and let us know when your story is updated! This is how we help  you grow as a legend (writer), and ensure our readers can count on great fiction.
1. Well Edited Short story submissions should be well edited. Stories with grammatical errors in the first few paragraphs will be immediately returned to you. Before submitting, run your story through:
2. Opening Paragraphs The plot of short story submissions (hero and goal) should be clear within the first few paragraphs. Certainly within the first page, the intent, style and direction of the story must be clear.
3. Compelling Character Short stories focus on a single main character, and dramatize their motivations. Avoid multiple viewpoints, or ‘getting into the heads’ of side characters. Your main character must ‘want’ something enough to move the story forward, and the story ends when he gets what he wants. Identify a strong point of view, and a reason to root for your character.
4. Keep things moving Even if the story is slow paced, your prose shouldn’t be. It should pull you in, and keep the action moving so that readers keep reading. Avoid spending too much time inside your character’s head, when conversation or movement would be better for the story. Start as close to the end as possible.
5. Exposition Stay focused on the protagonist and their goal. Excessive amounts of exposition (details, backstory, flashbacks, introspection…) slows down reading, even if it’s important. Either edit it down, or break it up with characterization and dialogue. Focus on the immediate and sensory details to bring a story to life. Avoid too many ‘zip file’ words, like adverbs and adjectives, and instead describe motions or action to communicate feeling. Tell your readers everything they need to know as quickly as possible. Readers need to know who this is about, why they are taking action, and where things are happening. Unnecessary suspense or delay will prompt readers to stop reading.
6. Clear Plot Short stories work best when they are focused on a single event. It can last moments or months – but the intent of the story is extremely clear. If your plot is too convoluted, (too many characters, locations, events) edit it down to focus on only what is needed to share the message, or explore the central idea of your story. Everything irrelevant should go.
7. Writing Style Beginner writers are often discovering their writing style. It’s important to select one, and own it intentionally. Avoid trying to sound ‘mature,’ and using the kind of distinguished and florid language we find in epics and classics. If you have an immediate, modern style, focus on it. Whatever you choose, focus on clarity. Avoid run-on sentences. Break up paragraphs. Be prepared to ‘murder your darlings’ in your prose – those phrases or sentences that especially make you feel like you’re a good writer. Good writers never get in the way of their readers. Good writing is invisible.
8. Show and tell Grounding your story in plenty of sensory detail makes every difference for your reader. Avoid adverbs (words ending in ‘ly’). Choose every word carefully in each sentence for maximum impact. Use as many senses as you can to make a moment feel real, not just sight. Avoid making statements that tell the reader how someone feels, or what they think. Work to show the reader how someone feels through their actions, through the way they talk. (For example: ‘She was worried’ vs ‘She chewed a nail, pacing back and forth, checking her phone every 10 seconds.’)
9. Graphic Content Stories should be rated PG13 or below. Stories containing graphic violence and/or graphic sex will be rejected. Stories can contain mild language (hell, damn, etc.) but should avoid strong language (F-bombs, etc.) Stories must not use the specific names of religious figures as swear words.
Remember: rules are not meant to be broken. We learn the rules so that we know when to apply them. Your ‘style’ comes with experience. Write well first and always.

Proof Reading Tip

After writing a short story (or anything), send it to 3 of your friends, or beta readers. Ask them to ignore any grammar issues, or small details. You just want to know if the story 'works', and any questions they may have. If you print it out and share it, ask them to draw circles around areas that 'don't work' for them. Or share a Google Doc and allow them to leave comments. Pay attention to overlaps, and if people mark the same areas. This can speed up your rewriting, and give you more confidence to publish a story readers enjoy!

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